It was here that Dr. Louis Leakey discovered the remains of Homo hablis or “handy man” regarded as mankind’s first step on the ladder of human evolution. Humans have being part of the Ngorongoro’s landscape for millions of years. The earliest sign of mankind in the conservation area is at LAETOLI, where hominid foot prints are preserved in volcanic rock 3,600,000 years old. The story continues at Olduvai (Olduvai) Gorge a river canyon cut 100 meters deep through the volcanic soils of the Serengeti plains. Buried in the layers are the remains of animals and hominids that lived and died around a shallow lake amid grass plains and woodlands, from 2,000,000 years ago to the present. The four different kinds of hominids found there show a gradual increase in brain size and in the complexity of their stone tools. But many more fossils have been discovered here including those of prehistoric elephants, giant horned sheep and enormous ostriches. Visitors can learn more details of this fascinating story by visiting the gorge where guides will give on site interpretation of the gorge. Oldupai Museum at the gorge is also very useful for information and education.
SHIFTING SANDS, North of Oldupai Gorge- a little black sand dune marches across the plains, covering 17 metres a year. Blown by a Strong steady wind it somehow maintains its size and somehow maintains its size and elegant shape.